On 17 July 1799, Flinders landed at what is now known as Woody Point, which he named "Red Cliff Point" after the red-coloured cliffs visible from the bay.
The party settled in Redcliffe on 13 September 1824, under the command of Lieutenant Henry Miller with 14 soldiers (some with wives and children) and 29 convicts.
However, this settlement was abandoned after a year and the colony was moved to a site on the Brisbane River now known as North Quay, 28 km (17 mi) south, which offered a more reliable water supply.
The newly selected Brisbane region, at the time, was plagued by mosquitos.
Today, Brisbane is well known for its distinct Queenslander architecture which forms much of the city's built heritage.
It also receives attention for its damaging flood events, most notably in 19.
A penal settlement was founded in 1824 at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the central business district, but was soon abandoned and moved to North Quay in 1825, opening to free settlement in 1842.
The city was marred by the Australian frontier wars between 18, and development was partly set back by the Great Fire of Brisbane, and the Great Brisbane Flood.
The State government under Joh Bjelke-Petersen began a major program of change and urban renewal, beginning with the central business district and inner suburbs.In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Brisbane as a Beta world city.The Moreton Bay area was initially explored by Matthew Flinders.He formed additional outstations and made several important journeys of exploration.He is also infamous for his extreme use of the Cat o' nine tails on convicts.